GMAT Introduction


GMAT score is accepted by more than 2100 universities globally. It has become one of the major examinations in India for students aspiring to study in Top B-Schools across the world. Apart from CAT, GMAT is very much preferred by students because GMAT opens up a lot of options for students worldwide and mostly the experienced latter tends to give GMAT because they find so much scope after that and a lot to learn in Top Business Schools.

GMAT EXAM Structure

GMAT consists of 4 Parts i.e. Verbal, Quant, AWA (analytical writing assessment) and IR (Integrated reasoning).

Now every part of a GMAT exam is built to test something of a candidate like:-

  • AWA measures how to analyze an argument in written form
  • IR measures the skills used to analyze and synthesize information
  • Quant measures Data sufficiency and Problem solving
  • Verbal measures Reading comprehension (RC), Critical reasoning (CR), and Sentence correction (SC) skills.


Marks in a GMAT exam are calculated based on various criteria like the number of questions you get right, difficulty level of question etc.

Let us understand this better with this table.

Total Score
  • 200–800
  • Reported in 10-point increments
Based on:
Math and Verbal section results

For particular sections:-

Quantitative Score


  • 0–60
  • Reported in 1-point increments

Based on:
  • the number of questions you get right
  • levels of difficulty for questions you get right
  • the number of questions you answer
Quantitative Score


  • 0–60
  • Reported in 1-point increments

Based on:
  • the number of questions you get right
  • levels of difficulty for questions you get right
  • the number of questions you answer
Verbal Score


  • 0–60
  • Reported in 1-point increments

Based on:
  • the number of questions you get right
  • levels of difficulty for questions you get right
  • the number of questions you answer
Integrated Reasoning
  • 1–8
  • Reported in 1-point increments
Based on:
number of questions answered correctly
Analytical Writing Assessment
  • 0–6
  • Reported in half-point increments
Average of
scores assigned by two readers

GMAT EXAM Pattern 2021:-

TopicNo. of QuestionsQuestion TypesDuration
AWA(Analysis of Argument)One topicAnalysis of Argument30 Minutes
IR(Integrated Reasoning)12Multi-Source Reasoning Graphics
Interpretation Two-Two Part Analysis
Table Analysis
30 Minutes
Quant31Data Sufficiency Problem Solving62 Minutes
Verbal36Reading Comprehension
Critical Reasoning
Sentence Correction
65 Minutes

Detailed Syllabus for GMAT exam 2021:-

Verbal Ability and AWA

1Sentence CorrectionSC Intro and Subject Verb Agreement
2Sentence CorrectionModifiers
3Sentence CorrectionTenses
4Sentence CorrectionPronouns
5Sentence CorrectionParallelism & Comparison
6Sentence CorrectionIdioms
7Critical ReasoningCR Intro & Assumption
8Critical ReasoningStrengthen & Weaken
9Critical ReasoningFlaw & Evaluate
10Critical ReasoningInference & Paradox
11Critical ReasoningBold Face
12Reading ComprehensionRC Warm Up
13Reading ComprehensionRC Main
14Reading ComprehensionRC Final
15Analytical Writing AssessmentArgument Writing

Quantitative Ability and Integrated Reasoning:-

1ArithmeticNumber Tree, Factors & Multiples HCF & LCM
2ArithmeticDivisibility & Remainders, Factorials ,Cyclicity
3ArithmeticSequence & Progression
5ArithmeticSet Theory & Venn Diagrams
6AlgebraLinear Equations
7AlgebraExponents & Roots
8AlgebraQuadratic & Polynomial Equations
9AlgebraFunctions & Inequalities
10GeometryAngles, Line & Triangle
11GeometryQuadrilaterals & Polygons
14GeometryCoordinate Geometry
15Word ProblemsRatio & Proportion
16Word ProblemsAverages, Mixtures & Alligations
17Word ProblemsPercentages
18Word ProblemsProfit, Loss & Discount
19Word ProblemsSimple & Compound Interest
20Word ProblemsTime, Speed & Distance
21Word ProblemsTime & Work
22Word ProblemsPermutation & Combination
23Word ProblemsProbability
24Integrated ReasoningGraphics Interpretation
25Integrated ReasoningTable Analysis
26Integrated ReasoningTwo Part Analysis
27Integrated ReasoningMulti Source Reasoning

Some important points about the GMAT exam:-

  • GMAT is a Computer Adaptive Test. This means that the testing software adapts to your performance as you progress through the test. Therefore, your performance on each question will determine the difficulty level of the next few questions in the exam. Consequently, the GMAT score is calculated on your ability level i.e. on the basis of the difficulty level of questions that you solve correctly and not just the number of questions that you get right.
  • Only Verbal and Quant sections are computer-adaptive. IR and AWA are not adaptive in nature
  • GMAT does not allow you to go back to questions you’ve already answered. It only shows one question at a time and does not allow you to see the next question until you’ve answered the current one.

GMAT Exam structure

Prior to July 11, 2017, all test-takers had to take the test in that exact order as defined by GMAC. However, this is no longer the case.

You can choose the order in which you want to take the sections, just before your exam begins.

  • Original Order – Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, <Break 1>, Quantitative, <Break 2>, Verbal
  • Verbal, <Break 1>, Quantitative, <Break 2>, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment
  • Quantitative, <Break 1>, Verbal, <Break 2>, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment

Note:- Break between the sections is optional and duration of one break is 8 minutes.

As per GMAC, “There is no “correct” or “recommended” section order to select. This choice simply gives you more control and flexibility.”

Top 10 universities which accepts GMAT score are:-

RankingSchoolLocationAverage GMAT Score
1Stanford Graduate School of BusinessUS732
2Harvard Business SchoolUS730
4University of Pennsylvania: WhartonUS732
6London Business SchoolUK708
7University of Chicago: BoothUS731
8MIT: SloanUS728
9Columbia Business SchoolUS732
10UC Berkeley: HaasUS726


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